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J R Soc Med. 1994 May; 87(5): 268–271.
PMCID: PMC1294518

This article has been retractedRetraction in: J R Soc Med. 1997 July; 90(7): 416    See also: PMC Retraction Policy

Hyperventilation in patients who have sustained myocardial infarction after a work injury.


Patients who present with acute myocardial infarction after a work injury (AMI-WI) often report symptoms consistent with chronic hyperventilation which date back as far as the work injury itself, rather than to the AMI. The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that hyperventilation significantly contributes to the symptoms of AMI-WI patients. The prevalence of hyperventilation was assessed by clinical capnography in 12 AMI-WI patients, 20 normal controls, 15 AMI patients whose AMI was conventional and not subsequent to a work injury (AMI-C) and 14 patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). End-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure (P(et)CO2) was measured at rest, after 1 min hyperventilation (FHPT), after recall of the relevant stressor (Think) and when the breathing was felt to be normal (MBIN). P(et)CO2 levels after FHPT were: 29.0 +/- 1.5 (mean +/- SD) mmHg for AMI-WI; 26.7 +/- 1.9 mmHg for PTSD; 32.1 +/- 4.1 mmHg for AMI-C and 33.7 +/- 1.4 mmHg for the controls (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01 for AMI-WI and PTSD, respectively, versus controls). After Think, the levels were 25.8 +/- 1.6 mmHg for AMI-WI, 24.6 +/- 1.4 mmHg for PTSD, 31.2 +/- 4.1 mmHg for AMI-C and 31.2 +/- 1.5 mmHg for normals (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01 for AMI-WI and PTSD, respectively, versus controls). For MBIN, values of P(et)CO2 were 26.8 +/- 1.7 mmHg and 26.7 +/- 1.5 mmHg for AMI-WI and PTSD versus 33.8 +/- 1.2 mmHg for normals, (P < 0.01 for both versus controls).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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Selected References

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