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J R Soc Med. 1992 October; 85(10): 620–624.
PMCID: PMC1293691

Hypnoanalgesia for chronic pain: the response to multiple inductions at one session and to separate single inductions.


Serial hypnotic inductions conveying the same analgesic message produce a progressively longer response in an increasing number of patients. The resulting analgesia appears to be independent of the spacing of inductions--whether given at a single session or on separate occasions--and to depend upon their number. However, multiple inductions at a single session save time. Elimination of pain can be achieved, by either approach, for a year or more in up to 70% of patients.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • McGlashan TH, Evans FJ, Orne MT. The nature of hypnotic analgesia and placebo response to experimental pain. Psychosom Med. 1969 May-Jun;31(3):227–246. [PubMed]
  • Melzack R, Perry C. Self-regulation of pain: the use of alpha-feedback and hypnotic training for the control of chronic pain. Exp Neurol. 1975 Mar;46(3):452–469. [PubMed]
  • Melzack R, Torgerson WS. On the language of pain. Anesthesiology. 1971 Jan;34(1):50–59. [PubMed]
  • LASAGNA L, BEECHER HK. The optimal dose of morphine. J Am Med Assoc. 1954 Sep 18;156(3):230–234. [PubMed]
  • LASAGNA L, MOSTELLER F, VON FELSINGER JM, BEECHER HK. A study of the placebo response. Am J Med. 1954 Jun;16(6):770–779. [PubMed]

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