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J R Soc Med. 1992 September; 85(9): 517–518.
PMCID: PMC1293634

Spasmodic torticollis.

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Selected References

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  • Kramer PL, de Leon D, Ozelius L, Risch N, Bressman SB, Brin MF, Schuback DE, Burke RE, Kwiatkowski DJ, Shale H, et al. Dystonia gene in Ashkenazi Jewish population is located on chromosome 9q32-34. Ann Neurol. 1990 Feb;27(2):114–120. [PubMed]
  • Marsden CD, Harrison MJ, Bundey S. Natural history of idiopathic torsion dystonia. Adv Neurol. 1976;14:177–187. [PubMed]
  • Jahanshahi M, Marion MH, Marsden CD. Natural history of adult-onset idiopathic torticollis. Arch Neurol. 1990 May;47(5):548–552. [PubMed]
  • Fletcher NA, Harding AE, Marsden CD. A genetic study of idiopathic torsion dystonia in the United Kingdom. Brain. 1990 Apr;113(Pt 2):379–395. [PubMed]
  • Cooper IS. 20-year followup study of the neurosurgical treatment of dystonia musculorum deformans. Adv Neurol. 1976;14:423–452. [PubMed]
  • Anderson TJ, Rivest J, Stell R, Steiger MJ, Cohen H, Thompson PD, Marsden CD. Botulinum toxin treatment of spasmodic torticollis. J R Soc Med. 1992 Sep;85(9):524–529. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Lees AJ, Turjanski N, Rivest J, Whurr R, Lorch M, Brookes G. Treatment of cervical dystonia hand spasms and laryngeal dystonia with botulinum toxin. J Neurol. 1992 Jan;239(1):1–4. [PubMed]
  • Jankovic J, Schwartz K. Botulinum toxin injections for cervical dystonia. Neurology. 1990 Feb;40(2):277–280. [PubMed]
  • Hambleton P, Cohen HE, Palmer BJ, Melling J. Antitoxins and botulinum toxin treatment. BMJ. 1992 Apr 11;304(6832):959–960. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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