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The results of treatment in 22 patients with anal carcinoma are reviewed. The overall results are disappointing with only five (28%) surviving more than 5 years. The commonest form of treatment during the study period was an abdomino-perineal excision of rectum (APER). For patients with tumours less than 2 cm in diameter local excision is an acceptable alternative. The majority (76%) of tumours were diagnosed as common benign conditions by the referring practitioners leading to a delay in initiating definitive treatment. Most tumours (81%) were greater than 2 cm in diameter and therefore unsuitable for local excision. There was a high recurrence rate (76%) amongst the group treated by APER. This along with the poor overall survival is probably due to late presentation.