Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of jrsocmedLink to Publisher's site
J R Soc Med. 1991 February; 84(2): 73–75.
PMCID: PMC1293090

Night sedation and arthritic pain.


This pilot study highlights the problems of benzodiazepine (BDP) usage in patients attending a rheumatology clinic. Of 127 consecutive patients attending the rheumatology clinic a total of 29% (37) had been taking night sedation for mean duration of 4.1 years. The majority of BDP users (92%) were women. In 78% night sedation was taken for insomnia associated with night pain. We recommend that if BDP is to be prescribed it should be only in selected cases for a short time.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (465K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Principles of analgesic use in the treatment of acute pain or chronic cancer pain. American Pain Society. Clin Pharm. 1987 Jul;6(7):523–532. [PubMed]
  • Hallstrom C. Uses and abuses of benzodiazepines. Br J Hosp Med. 1989 Feb;41(2):115–115. [PubMed]
  • Tyrer P. Risks of dependence on benzodiazepine drugs: the importance of patient selection. BMJ. 1989 Jan 14;298(6666):102–105. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Owen RT, Tyrer P. Benzodiazepine dependence. A review of the evidence. Drugs. 1983 Apr;25(4):385–398. [PubMed]
  • Hendler N, Cimini C, Ma T, Long D. A comparison of cognitive impairment due to benzodiazepines and to narcotics. Am J Psychiatry. 1980 Jul;137(7):828–830. [PubMed]
  • Petursson H, Gudjonsson GH, Lader MH. Psychometric performance during withdrawal from long-term benzodiazepine treatment. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 1983;81(4):345–349. [PubMed]
  • Bergman H, Borg S, Holm L. Neuropsychological impairment and exclusive abuse of sedatives or hypnotics. Am J Psychiatry. 1980 Feb;137(2):215–217. [PubMed]
  • Lader MH, Petursson H. Benzodiazepine derivatives--side effects and dangers. Biol Psychiatry. 1981 Dec;16(12):1195–1201. [PubMed]
  • Balter MB, Manheimer DI, Mellinger GD, Uhlenhuth EH. A cross-national comparison of anti-anxiety/sedative drug use. Curr Med Res Opin. 1984;8 (Suppl 4):5–20. [PubMed]
  • Morgan K, Dallosso H, Ebrahim S, Arie T, Fentem PH. Prevalence, frequency, and duration of hypnotic drug use among the elderly living at home. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1988 Feb 27;296(6622):601–602. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Mellinger GD, Balter MB, Uhlenhuth EH. Insomnia and its treatment. Prevalence and correlates. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1985 Mar;42(3):225–232. [PubMed]
  • Mant A, Duncan-Jones P, Saltman D, Bridges-Webb C, Kehoe L, Lansbury G, Chancellor AH. Development of long term use of psychotropic drugs by general practice patients. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1988 Jan 23;296(6617):251–254. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Jones L, Simpson D, Brown AC, Bainton D, McDonald H. Prescribing psychotropic drugs in general practice: three year study. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984 Oct 20;289(6451):1045–1048. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine are provided here courtesy of Royal Society of Medicine Press