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J R Soc Med. 1990 September; 83(9): 547–551.
PMCID: PMC1292810

What are the psychological factors influencing attendance, non-attendance and re-attendance at a breast screening centre?


We describe some preliminary findings from a pilot study using three recently developed questionnaires which assessed items such as the health beliefs, knowledge about cancer and attitudes to breast cancer screening in 242 women invited to attend for mammographic screening in South East London. We suggest that these questionnaires should be used in all regional centres both to monitor psychological variables and to identify local problems within the service which may be influencing the up-take of invitations to come for screening.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Fallowfield L. Controversy over mammographic screening. BMJ. 1988 Nov 12;297(6658):1266–1267. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Fink R, Shapiro S, Roester R. Impact of efforts to increase participation in repetitive screenings for early breast cancer detection. Am J Public Health. 1972 Mar;62(3):328–336. [PubMed]
  • Maclean U, Sinfield D, Klein S, Harnden B. Women who decline breast screening. J Epidemiol Community Health. 1984 Dec;38(4):278–283. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • McEwen J, King E, Bickler G. Attendance and non-attendance for breast screening at the south east London breast screening service. BMJ. 1989 Jul 8;299(6691):104–106. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Stillman MJ. Women's health beliefs about breast cancer and breast self-examination. Nurs Res. 1977 Mar-Apr;26(2):121–127. [PubMed]
  • French K, Porter AM, Robinson SE, McCallum FM, Howie JG, Roberts MM. Attendance at a breast screening clinic: a problem of administration or attitudes. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 285(6342):617–620. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Calnan M. The health belief model and participation in programmes for the early detection of breast cancer: a comparative analysis. Soc Sci Med. 1984;19(8):823–830. [PubMed]

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