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J R Soc Med. 1990 February; 83(2): 79–81.
PMCID: PMC1292501

Road traffic accidents before and after seatbelt legislation--study in a district general hospital.

Abstract

Injuries among samples of car accident cases attending the Accident & Emergency (A & E) department of a District General Hospital (DGH) in the year before and after the introduction of seat belt legislation were classified applying the Abbreviated Injury Scale using information recorded in the patient case notes. Those who died or did not attend an A & E department were not included in the sampling frame. The number of those who escaped injury increased by 40% and those with mild and moderate injuries decreased by 35% after seatbelt legislation. There was a significant reduction in soft tissue injuries to the head. Only whiplash injuries to the neck showed a significant increase.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Trinca GW, Dooley BJ. The effects of mandatory seat belt wearing on the mortality and pattern of injury of car occupants involved in motor vehicle crashes in Victoria. Med J Aust. 1975 May 31;1(22):675–678. [PubMed]
  • Trinca GW, Dooley BJ. The effects of seat belt legislation on road traffic injuries. Aust N Z J Surg. 1977 Apr;47(2):150–155. [PubMed]
  • Mellbring G, Dahlin S, Lindblad B. The hospital experience of seat belt legislation in the county of Skaraborg, Sweden. Injury. 1981 May;12(6):506–509. [PubMed]
  • Pratt WN, Richardson DF, Yeoh BM. The effectiveness of seat belts. Med J Aust. 1973 Dec 22;2(25):1109–1112. [PubMed]
  • Patel A, Got C, Thomas C, Gaverjon G, Henry C, Tarriere C. Comparative study of 1624 belted and 3242 non-belted occupants of vehicles involved in an accident: a study of the effectiveness of seat belts. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 1982 Apr;11(2):250–258. [PubMed]
  • Pye G, Waters EA. Effect of seat belt legislation on injuries in road traffic accidents in Nottingham. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984 Mar 10;288(6419):756–757. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine are provided here courtesy of Royal Society of Medicine Press