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J R Soc Med. 1988 June; 81(6): 348–351.
PMCID: PMC1291630

The failed back: a review.

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Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (835K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Green LN. Dexamethasone in the management of symptoms due to herniated lumbar disc. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1975 Dec;38(12):1211–1217. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Shannon N, Paul EA. L4/5 and L5/S1 disc protrusions: analysis of 323 cases operated on over 12 years. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1979 Sep;42(9):804–809. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Selecki BR, Ness TD, Limbers P, Blum PW, Stening WA. The surgical management of low back and sciatic syndrome in disc disease or injury : results of a joint neurosurgical and orthopaedic project. Aust N Z J Surg. 1975 May;45(2):183–191. [PubMed]
  • Kirkaldy-Willis WH, Wedge JH, Yong-Hing K, Tchang S, de Korompay V, Shannon R. Lumbar spinal nerve lateral entrapment. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1982 Sep;(169):171–178. [PubMed]
  • Rothman RH. A study of computer-assisted tomography. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 1984 Sep;9(6):548–548. [PubMed]
  • Leyshon A, Kirwan EO, Parry CB. Electrical studies in the diagnosis of compression of the lumbar root. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1981 Feb;63-B(1):71–75. [PubMed]
  • Getty CJ. Lumbar spinal stenosis: the clinical spectrum and the results of operation. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1980 Nov;62-B(4):481–485. [PubMed]
  • Getty CJ, Johnson JR, Kirwan EO, Sullivan MF. Partial undercutting facetectomy for bony entrapment of the lumbar nerve root. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1981;63-B(3):330–335. [PubMed]
  • Howe JF, Calvin WH, Loeser JD. Impulses reflected from dorsal root ganglia and from focal nerve injuries. Brain Res. 1976 Oct 29;116(1):139–144. [PubMed]
  • Frampton VM. Pain control with the aid of transcutaneous nerve stimulation. Physiotherapy. 1982 Mar;68(3):77–81. [PubMed]
  • Waddell G, McCulloch JA, Kummel E, Venner RM. Nonorganic physical signs in low-back pain. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 1980 Mar-Apr;5(2):117–125. [PubMed]
  • Withrington RH, Wynn Parry CB. Rehabilitation of conversion paralysis. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1985 Aug;67(4):635–637. [PubMed]
  • Linton SJ. Behavioral remediation of chronic pain: a status report. Pain. 1986 Feb;24(2):125–141. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine are provided here courtesy of Royal Society of Medicine Press