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J R Soc Med. 1985 December; 78(12): 1005–1008.
PMCID: PMC1290053

Sleep apnoea in infancy.


Serial polygraphic sleep studies were carried out in 86 index infants (33 'symptomatic', 24 siblings of infants with the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), 29 'near-miss' for SIDS) and 11 healthy controls. Brief (greater than or equal to 3 less than 6 sec) or prolonged (greater than or equal to 6 sec) obstructive apnoea was observed only in index caes, and coincided with symptoms due to associated illnesses (usually respiratory). Their prevalence was comparable in 'symptomatic' and 'near-miss' groups--39% and 35% respectively. Prolonged (greater than or equal to 20 sec) central apnoea was seen only in pre-term 'near-miss' infants. Dips in transcutaneous oxygen tension greater than or equal to 15 mmHg occurred during sleep in 17% of 'symptomatic' infants and 19% of 'near-miss' cases, usually in association with obstructive or central apnoea. Diminution or disappearance of these abnormalities following clinical recovery from 'minor' illnesses suggested that they were the result of such illnesses.

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Selected References

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