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J R Soc Med. 1985 June; 78(6): 452–455.
PMCID: PMC1289773

Multiple pain complaints in amputees.


A group of amputees complaining of longstanding phantom pain was compared with another comparable group of non-complainers. It was found that those with phantom pain made significantly more complaints of other painful conditions, both related and unrelated to the amputation; they were also more depressed. It is suggested that this association is due to a lowered pain tolerance in the group with phantom pain complaints, and that depression is one factor contributing to this lowered tolerance.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Black RG. The chronic pain syndrome. Surg Clin North Am. 1975 Aug;55(4):999–1011. [PubMed]
  • Gordon A, Hitchcock ER. Illness behaviour and personality in intractable facial pain syndromes. Pain. 1983 Nov;17(3):267–276. [PubMed]
  • Kashani JH, Frank RG, Kashani SR, Wonderlich SA, Reid JC. Depression among amputees. J Clin Psychiatry. 1983 Jul;44(7):256–258. [PubMed]
  • Parkes CM. Factors determining the persistence of phantom pain in the amputee. J Psychosom Res. 1973 Mar;17(2):97–108. [PubMed]
  • Pilowsky I, Spence ND. Patterns of illness behaviour in patients with intractable pain. J Psychosom Res. 1975;19(4):279–287. [PubMed]
  • Shukla GD, Sahu SC, Tripathi RP, Gupta DK. A psychiatric study of amputees. Br J Psychiatry. 1982 Jul;141:50–53. [PubMed]

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