Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of jrsocmedLink to Publisher's site
J R Soc Med. 1985 April; 78(4): 294–300.
PMCID: PMC1289678

Abnormalities in central and peripheral nerve conduction in patients with anorectal incontinence.


Thirty women with idiopathic anorectal incontinence were investigated by nerve conduction studies. Twenty-two (73%) patients had abnormal nerve conduction studies. In 7 (23%) of these patients there was conduction delay in the cauda equina between L1 and L4 vertebral levels but in the remainder the distal innervation of the pelvic sphincters was abnormal.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (849K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Beersiek F, Parks AG, Swash M. Pathogenesis of ano-rectal incontinence. A histometric study of the anal sphincter musculature. J Neurol Sci. 1979 Jun;42(1):111–127. [PubMed]
  • Brindley GS. Electroejaculation: its technique, neurological implications and uses. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1981 Jan;44(1):9–18. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Henry MM, Parks AG, Swash M. The pelvic floor musculature in the descending perineum syndrome. Br J Surg. 1982 Aug;69(8):470–472. [PubMed]
  • Kiff ES, Swash M. Slowed conduction in the pudendal nerves in idiopathic (neurogenic) faecal incontinence. Br J Surg. 1984 Aug;71(8):614–616. [PubMed]
  • Kiff ES, Barnes PR, Swash M. Evidence of pudendal neuropathy in patients with perineal descent and chronic straining at stool. Gut. 1984 Nov;25(11):1279–1282. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Merton PA, Hill DK, Morton HB, Marsden CD. Scope of a technique for electrical stimulation of human brain, spinal cord, and muscle. Lancet. 1982 Sep 11;2(8298):597–600. [PubMed]
  • Neill ME, Swash M. Increased motor unit fibre density in the external anal sphincter muscle in ano-rectal incontinence: a single fibre EMG study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1980 Apr;43(4):343–347. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Neill ME, Parks AG, Swash M. Physiological studies of the anal sphincter musculature in faecal incontinence and rectal prolapse. Br J Surg. 1981 Aug;68(8):531–536. [PubMed]
  • Parks AG, Swash M, Urich H. Sphincter denervation in anorectal incontinence and rectal prolapse. Gut. 1977 Aug;18(8):656–665. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Percy JP, Neill ME, Swash M, Parks AG. Electrophysiological study of motor nerve supply of pelvic floor. Lancet. 1981 Jan 3;1(8210):16–17. [PubMed]
  • Snooks SJ, Swash M. Perineal nerve and transcutaneous spinal stimulation: new methods for investigation of the urethral striated sphincter musculature. Br J Urol. 1984 Aug;56(4):406–409. [PubMed]
  • Snooks SJ, Swash M. Abnormalities of the innervation of the urethral striated sphincter musculature in incontinence. Br J Urol. 1984 Aug;56(4):401–405. [PubMed]
  • Snooks SJ, Barnes PR, Swash M. Damage to the innervation of the voluntary anal and periurethral sphincter musculature in incontinence: an electrophysiological study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1984 Dec;47(12):1269–1273. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Teramoto T, Parks AG, Swash M. Hypertrophy of the external and sphincter in haemorrhoids: a histometric study. Gut. 1981 Jan;22(1):45–48. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine are provided here courtesy of Royal Society of Medicine Press