An indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), was evaluated for its ability to detect serum antibodies against caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV). The ELISA was compared to three other serological immunoassays, agar gel immunodiffusion test (AGIDT), immunoblot assay (IBA), and a fixed-cell immunoperoxidase assay (FCIPA). A total of 511 samples, from 40 farms representing a variety of goat breeds and ages were tested. An estimate of the ELISA sensitivity and specificity was made, relative to combined test results of the three other CAEV serological assays. The degree of agreement of test results among these four assays was evaluated. The number of positives detected by the ELISA, AGIDT, IBA and IPA tests was 193, 154, 204 and 163, respectively. Of the 511 sera tested, 172 were positive to any two or all three of these tests, and were defined as reference positive. A total of 237 samples were negative to all three reference tests, and were defined as reference negative. Relative to these references, the ELISA had a point estimate of 98.3% sensitivity and 97.9% specificity. There was good agreement between the ELISA and the other three assays with a kappa statistic of agreement greater than 0.7 for all three comparisons. The ELISA is therefore considered a suitable assay, with high sensitivity and specificity, for detection of antibodies to CAEV in serum.