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Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1987 May 2; 294(6580): 1133–1135.
PMCID: PMC1246291

Use of the automatic external defibrillator-pacemaker by ambulance personnel: the Stockport experience.


In an attempt to reduce the number of people who die from a cardiac arrest in the Stockport area ambulances were equipped with automatic external defibrillator-pacemakers, and ambulance personnel were trained in their use. Over an 18 month period ambulance personnel attended 113 patients in cardiac arrest with these devices. One patient subsequently survived, and three patients survived for up to three days. The reasons for these poor initial results include the failure of bystanders to provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a delay in calling for the ambulance, and too few defibrillators being available.

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Selected References

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  • Jaggarao NS, Heber M, Grainger R, Vincent R, Chamberlain DA, Aronson AL. Use of an automated external defibrillator-pacemaker by ambulance staff. Lancet. 1982 Jul 10;2(8289):73–75. [PubMed]
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  • Stults KR, Brown DD, Schug VL, Bean JA. Prehospital defibrillation performed by emergency medical technicians in rural communities. N Engl J Med. 1984 Jan 26;310(4):219–223. [PubMed]
  • Ferguson-Smith MA. Prenatal chromosome analysis and its impact on the birth incidence of chromosome disorders. Br Med Bull. 1983 Oct;39(4):355–364. [PubMed]

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