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Br J Gen Pract. 1995 October; 45(399): 517–519.
PMCID: PMC1239400

Investigation in general practice of patients with suspected heart failure: how should the essential echocardiographic service be delivered?

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Selected References

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  • Parameshwar J, Shackell MM, Richardson A, Poole-Wilson PA, Sutton GC. Prevalence of heart failure in three general practices in north west London. Br J Gen Pract. 1992 Jul;42(360):287–289. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Wheeldon NM, MacDonald TM, Flucker CJ, McKendrick AD, McDevitt DG, Struthers AD. Echocardiography in chronic heart failure in the community. Q J Med. 1993 Jan;86(1):17–23. [PubMed]
  • McKee PA, Castelli WP, McNamara PM, Kannel WB. The natural history of congestive heart failure: the Framingham study. N Engl J Med. 1971 Dec 23;285(26):1441–1446. [PubMed]
  • Sutton GC. Epidemiologic aspects of heart failure. Am Heart J. 1990 Dec;120(6 Pt 2):1538–1540. [PubMed]
  • McMurray J, Dargie HJ. Coronary heart disease. BMJ. 1991 Dec 14;303(6816):1546–1547. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Cohn JN, Archibald DG, Ziesche S, Franciosa JA, Harston WE, Tristani FE, Dunkman WB, Jacobs W, Francis GS, Flohr KH, et al. Effect of vasodilator therapy on mortality in chronic congestive heart failure. Results of a Veterans Administration Cooperative Study. N Engl J Med. 1986 Jun 12;314(24):1547–1552. [PubMed]
  • Cohn JN, Johnson G, Ziesche S, Cobb F, Francis G, Tristani F, Smith R, Dunkman WB, Loeb H, Wong M, et al. A comparison of enalapril with hydralazine-isosorbide dinitrate in the treatment of chronic congestive heart failure. N Engl J Med. 1991 Aug 1;325(5):303–310. [PubMed]
  • Clarke KW, Gray D, Hampton JR. Evidence of inadequate investigation and treatment of patients with heart failure. Br Heart J. 1994 Jun;71(6):584–587. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Struthers AD. Plasma concentrations of brain natriuretic peptide: will this new test reduce the need for cardiac investigations? Br Heart J. 1993 Nov;70(5):397–398. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Francis CM, Caruana L, Kearney P, Love M, Sutherland GR, Starkey IR, Shaw TR, McMurray JJ. Open access echocardiography in management of heart failure in the community. BMJ. 1995 Mar 11;310(6980):634–636. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

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