In a recent report, Schaenman and colleagues (5) describe a case of a Scedosporium apiospermum soft tissue infection in an immunocompromised patient successfully treated with voriconazole. The article focuses on one of the hottest topics in current medical mycology, the emergence of antimycotic-resistant fungal isolates (3). Indeed, Scedosporium apiospermum is, also in our direct experience, one of the emerging fungal pathogens frequently endowed with resistance against drugs used as first-line agents (i.e., amphotericin B and fluconazole) (2). Therefore, we agree to the general message of the paper regarding the need of a prompt and well designed antifungal therapy. However, we would like to address a major point on how this could be achieved. In fact, we disagree that presumptive fungal identification based on aspecific morphological aspects is sufficient to take into account a new drug such as voriconazole as a first-line agent in the management of fungal infections. As admitted by the authors and clearly shown in Fig. 2 of their case report, many fungal genera feature morphological characteristics difficult to discriminate and the identification is not straightforward, especially if specific structures are not usually evident, as may be the case upon direct examination of clinical samples. A clinician making the same assumption as the authors might feel free to treat critically ill patients with voriconazole in the majority of cases, thus putting the whole community at risk for the emergence of new resistances to this valuable drug, as has already and inevitably happened for narrow-spectrum triazoles. Moreover it is still far from being proven that the toxicity profile of the new extended-spectrum triazoles is really safer than that of narrow-spectrum drugs, with severe side effects reported in up to 10% of patients receiving voriconazole (1). We think that a rapid and precise identification, at least at the genus level, is crucial for the prescription of a well designed empirical therapy, but we are convinced that it should be based on objective data. Recently, we addressed the diagnosis of mycotic keratitis using, in parallel with cultural methodologies, a molecular approach based on direct amplification from the biological sample and sequencing, by means of universal fungal primers (4, 6), of genus- and species-specific targets on the fungal genome. In our opinion this molecular approach allowing unequivocal identification of a fungal pathogen, at least at the genus level, in only one day is, together with a more thorough understanding of mechanisms of drug resistance, a real improvement of the conventional mycological diagnosis and represents a correct answer to the clinical questions posed by the availability of multiple classes of antifungal agents.