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Health Serv Res. Apr 1992; 27(1): 81–101.
PMCID: PMC1069865
Identification of factors associated with hospital readmission and development of a predictive model.
J M Corrigan and J B Martin
National Committee for Quality Assurance, Washington, DC 20036.
Abstract
Multiple hospital admissions, especially those related to the chronically ill, represent a particular challenge to both the acute and long-term care sectors to identify effective methods of resource management. This study analyzes the multiple admission patterns associated with a cohort of 4,219 adult medical-surgical patients discharged alive from a community teaching hospital in Michigan. The sample was divided into two groups: 3,818 patients who survived and 392 who expired during the one-year follow-up period. For the surviving subsample, the characteristics found to be directly associated with the likelihood of readmission included increased age, advanced stage of disease, greater index-episode length of stay, discharge by an internist rather than a surgeon, Medicare as expected source of payment, decreased physician age, discharge to a community setting, and increased number of prior hospital episodes. For the subsample who died, only one explanatory variable was significantly associated with an increased likelihood of readmission-discharge to a community setting (with or without home care) rather than a nursing home. The article includes illustrates of the importance of decisions regarding posthospital, long-term care services on the likelihood of rehospitalization.
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