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Health Serv Res. 1986 June; 21(2 Pt 2): 321–340.
PMCID: PMC1068954

Estimating the probability and level of ambulatory mental health services use.


Analysis of the National Medical Care Utilization and Expenditure Survey for persons with positive out-of-pocket expenses for one or more ambulatory mental health visits indicates that demand for such visits is responsive to price, and considerably more so than demand for health visits. Income, education, and insurance coverage interact in predicting demand, and price elasticity varies across income groups.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Frank RG, McGuire TG. A review of studies of the impact of insurance on the demand and utilization of specialty mental health services. Health Serv Res. 1986 Jun;21(2 Pt 2):241–265. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Horgan CM. The demand for ambulatory mental health services from specialty providers. Health Serv Res. 1986 Jun;21(2 Pt 2):291–319. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Watts CA, Scheffler RM, Jewell NP. Demand for outpatient mental health services in a heavily insured population: the case of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association's Federal Employees Health Benefits Program. Health Serv Res. 1986 Jun;21(2 Pt 2):267–289. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Schurman RA, Kramer PD, Mitchell JB. The hidden mental health network. Treatment of mental illness by nonpsychiatrist physicians. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1985 Jan;42(1):89–94. [PubMed]
  • Grizzle JE, Starmer CF, Koch GG. Analysis of categorical data by linear models. Biometrics. 1969 Sep;25(3):489–504. [PubMed]
  • Shapiro S, Skinner EA, Kessler LG, Von Korff M, German PS, Tischler GL, Leaf PJ, Benham L, Cottler L, Regier DA. Utilization of health and mental health services. Three Epidemiologic Catchment Area sites. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1984 Oct;41(10):971–978. [PubMed]

Articles from Health Services Research are provided here courtesy of Health Research & Educational Trust