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X linked dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX1) has previously been localised to Xq13-21. Fifteen families were studied using 12 highly informative polymorphisms in the pericentric region of the X chromosome. Phase known recombinations in these families localise the X linked dominant CMT gene to the region distal to DXS106 (Xq11.2-12) and proximal to DXS559 (Xq13.1). These markers flank approximately 2 to 3 Mb of DNA to which GJB1 and CCG1 have already been mapped. A recent report of mutations in the GJB1 gene in subjects with CMTX1 makes this a strong candidate gene.