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J Med Genet. 1982 August; 19(4): 293–296.
PMCID: PMC1048897

Familial Poland anomaly.


The Poland anomaly is usually a non-genetic malformation syndrome. This paper reports two second cousins who both had a typical left sided Poland anomaly, and this constitutes the first recorded case of this condition affecting more than one member of a family. Despite this, for the purposes of genetic counselling, the Poland anomaly can be regarded as a sporadic condition with an extremely low recurrence risk.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Ireland DC, Takayama N, Flatt AE. Poland's syndrome. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1976 Jan;58(1):52–58. [PubMed]
  • McGillivray BC, Lowry RB. Poland syndrome in British Columbia: incidence and reproductive experience of affected persons. Am J Med Genet. 1977;1(1):65–74. [PubMed]
  • David TJ. Nature and etiology of the Poland anomaly. N Engl J Med. 1972 Sep 7;287(10):487–489. [PubMed]
  • David TJ. Vascular origin of Poland syndrome? by J.-P. Bouvet et al. Eur J Pediatr. 1979 Apr 3;130(4):299–301. [PubMed]
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  • Fuhrmann W, Mösseler U, Neuss H. Zur Klinik und Genetik des Poland-Syndroms. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1971 Jun 18;96(25):1076–1078. [PubMed]
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  • Armendares S. Letter: Absence of pectoralis major muscle in two sisters associated with leukemia in one of them. J Pediatr. 1974 Sep;85(3):436–437. [PubMed]
  • Halal F. Minor manifestations in preaxial polydactyly type 1 and Poland complex. Am J Med Genet. 1981;8(2):221–228. [PubMed]
  • Arias S, Penchaszadeh VB, Pinto-Cisternas J, Larrauri S. The IVIC syndrome: a new autosomal dominant complex pleiotropic syndrome with radial ray hypoplasia, hearing impairment, external ophthalmoplegia, and thrombocytopenia. Am J Med Genet. 1980;6(1):25–59. [PubMed]
  • Gorlin RJ. Risk of recurrence in usually nongenetic malformation syndromes. Birth Defects Orig Artic Ser. 1979;15(5C):181–188. [PubMed]

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