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Br J Vener Dis. 1984 December; 60(6): 396–397.
PMCID: PMC1046389

Demonstration by electron microscopy of pili on Gardnerella vaginalis.


Eight strains of Gardnerella vaginalis were examined by electron microscopy for the presence of pili. Narrow pili ranging from 3.0 to 7.5 nm in diameter were seen on bacteria from five of the strains studied.

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Selected References

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  • Taylor E, Phillips I. The identification of Gardnerella vaginalis. J Med Microbiol. 1983 Feb;16(1):83–92. [PubMed]
  • GARDNER HL, DUKES CD. Haemophilus vaginalis vaginitis: a newly defined specific infection previously classified non-specific vaginitis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1955 May;69(5):962–976. [PubMed]
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  • Criswell BS, Stenback WA, Black SH, Gardner HL. Fine structure of Haemophilus vaginalis. J Bacteriol. 1972 Feb;109(2):930–932. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
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  • Jephcott AE, Reyn A, Birch-Andersen A. Neisseria gonorrhoeae 3. Demonstration of presumed appendages to cells from different colony types. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand B Microbiol Immunol. 1971;79(3):437–439. [PubMed]

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