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Br J Ophthalmol. 1976 September; 60(9): 632–637.
PMCID: PMC1042782

Cataract after exposure to non-ionizing radiant energy.

Abstract

The case histories of two individuals exposed to thermal radiation emitted from an electric oven and range were presented. In one patient, earlier exposure to medical diathermy appears to have initiated delayed or late-appearing, capsular cataracts. Instead of the anticipated slow progression, the cataractogenesis was accelerated following recent, repeated exposure to the intense, infrared radiation. In the other patient, exposed solely to infrared radiation, a chorioretinal lesion indistinguishable from the type characteristically secondary to repeated, thermal radiation was observed. More recently, the earliest sign of thermal radiation cataractogenesis, capsular opacification, has become evident. The widespread availability of radiant energy sources such as diathermy machines, microwave ovens, and electric ovens and ranges makes it imperative to examine carefully any possible hazards that may result from their use. With this in mind, radiant energy should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cataractogenesis.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Bouchat J, Marsol C. Cataracte capsulaire bilatérale et radar. Arch Ophtalmol Rev Gen Ophtalmol. 1967 Sep;27(6):593–596. [PubMed]
  • DAILY L, Jr, WAKIM KG, HERRICK JF, PARKHILL EM, BENEDICT WL. The effects of microwave diathermy on the eye of the rabbit. Am J Ophthalmol. 1952 Jul;35(7):1001–1017. [PubMed]
  • LOMAX DH, NICHOLS J, GREEN HD. The role of energy, pupillary diameter, and alloxan diabetes in the production of ocular damage by microwave irradiations. Am J Ophthalmol. 1952 Jul;35(7):993–1000. [PubMed]
  • SHIMKHOVICH IS, SHILIAEV VG. [Cataract of both eyes which developed as a result of brief exposures to an ultra-high-frequency electromagnetic field of high density]. Vestn Oftalmol. 1959 Jul-Aug;72:12–16. [PubMed]

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