Search tips
Search criteria 


Logo of brjopthalBritish Journal of OphthalmologyVisit this articleSubmit a manuscriptReceive email alertsContact usBMJ
Br J Ophthalmol. 1985 March; 69(3): 233–235.
PMCID: PMC1040569

Blue light hazard and aniridia.


The fundi of three patients with aniridia were photographed with a 470 nm illuminating light source. No apparent change in contrast was observable throughout the macular region. This would suggest an absence of the macular pigment. The likelihood of aniridics being more susceptible than normal persons to blue light damage is discussed.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (740K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Images in this article

Click on the image to see a larger version.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Lanum J. The damaging effects of light on the retina. Empirical findings, theoretical and practical implications. Surv Ophthalmol. 1978 Jan-Feb;22(4):221–249. [PubMed]
  • Mainster MA, Ham WT, Jr, Delori FC. Potential retinal hazards. Instrument and environmental light sources. Ophthalmology. 1983 Aug;90(8):927–932. [PubMed]
  • Sliney DH. Eye protective techniques for bright light. Ophthalmology. 1983 Aug;90(8):937–944. [PubMed]
  • Ham WT, Jr, Mueller HA, Sliney DH. Retinal sensitivity to damage from short wavelength light. Nature. 1976 Mar 11;260(5547):153–155. [PubMed]
  • Marshall J, Weale RA. Letter: Retinal sensitivity to short wavelength light. Nature. 1976 Aug 12;262(5569):629–630. [PubMed]
  • Ham WT, Jr, Mueller HA, Ruffolo JJ, Jr, Clarke AM. Sensitivity of the retina to radiation damage as a function of wavelength. Photochem Photobiol. 1979 Apr;29(4):735–743. [PubMed]
  • Ham WT, Jr, Ruffolo JJ, Jr, Mueller HA, Guerry D., 3rd The nature of retinal radiation damage: dependence on wavelength, power level and exposure time. Vision Res. 1980;20(12):1105–1111. [PubMed]
  • O'Donnell FE, Jr, Hambrick GW, Jr, Green WR, Iliff WJ, Stone DL. X-linked ocular albinism. An oculocutaneous macromelanosomal disorder. Arch Ophthalmol. 1976 Nov;94(11):1883–1892. [PubMed]
  • Fulton AB, Albert DM, Craft JL. Human albinism. Light and electron microscopy study. Arch Ophthalmol. 1978 Feb;96(2):305–310. [PubMed]
  • O'Donnell FE, Jr, King RA, Green WR, Witkop CJ., Jr Autosomal recessively inherited ocular albinism. A new form of ocular albinism affecting females as severely as males. Arch Ophthalmol. 1978 Sep;96(9):1621–1625. [PubMed]
  • Nussbaum JJ, Pruett RC, Delori FC. Historic perspectives. Macular yellow pigment. The first 200 years. Retina. 1981;1(4):296–310. [PubMed]
  • Abadi RV, Dickinson CM. Monochromatic fundus photography of human albinos. Arch Ophthalmol. 1983 Nov;101(11):1706–1711. [PubMed]
  • Andersen SR, Geertinger P, Larsen HW, Mikkelsen M, Parving A, Vestermark S, Warburg M. Aniridia, cataract and gonadoblastoma in a mentally retarded girl with deletion of chromosome II. A clinicopathological case report. Ophthalmologica. 1977;176(3):171–177. [PubMed]
  • Delori FC, Gragoudas ES. Examination of the ocular fundus with monochromatic light. Ann Ophthalmol. 1976 Jun;8(6):703–709. [PubMed]
  • Delori FC, Gragoudas ES, Francisco R, Pruett RC. Monochromatic ophthalmoscopy and fundus photography. The normal fundus. Arch Ophthalmol. 1977 May;95(5):861–868. [PubMed]
  • Elsas FJ, Maumenee IH, Kenyon KR, Yoder F. Familial aniridia with preserved ocular function. Am J Ophthalmol. 1977 May;83(5):718–724. [PubMed]
  • Warburg M, Mikkelsen M, Andersen SR, Geertinger P, Larsen HW, Vestermark S, Parving A. Aniridia and interstitial deletion of the short arm of chromosome 11. Metab Pediatr Ophthalmol. 1980;4(2):97–102. [PubMed]
  • Fraumeni JF, Jr, Glass AG. Wilms' tumor and congenital aniridia. JAMA. 1968 Oct 21;206(4):825–828. [PubMed]
  • Woodhouse JM. The effect of pupil size on grating detection at various contrast levels. Vision Res. 1975 Jun;15(6):645–648. [PubMed]
  • Woodhouse JM, Campbell FW. The role of the pupil light reflex in aiding adaptation to the dark. Vision Res. 1975 Jun;15(6):649–653. [PubMed]

Articles from The British Journal of Ophthalmology are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group