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Logo of medhistThe Wellcome Trust Centre of the History of Medicine (UCL)Medical History
 
Med Hist. 1994 October; 38(4): 363–397.
PMCID: PMC1036912

Magic bullet: the history of oral rehydration therapy.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (7.2M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • STEPHENS LJ, HENRICKSON WE. Mild diarrhea in children; clinical evaluation of oral electrolyte therapy with a nonabsorbable sulfonamide for treatment. Mo Med. 1954 Feb;51(2):105–106. [PubMed]
  • FEIG M. Diarrhea, dysentery, food poisoning, and gastroenteritis; a study of 926 outbreaks and 49,879 cases reported to the United States Public Health Service (1945-1947). Am J Public Health Nations Health. 1950 Nov;40(11):1372–1394. [PubMed]
  • FRIES JH, CHIARA NJ, WALDRON RJ. Dehydrated banana in the dietetic management of diarrheas of infancy. J Pediatr. 1950 Sep;37(3):367–372. [PubMed]
  • FRADKIN WZ. The dietary treatment of diarrheal diseases. Am J Dig Dis. 1953 Jul;20(7):208–210. [PubMed]
  • SELANDER P. Carrot soup in the treatment of infantile diarrhea. J Pediatr. 1950 Jun;36(6):742–745. [PubMed]
  • HARRISON HE. The treatment of diarrhea in infancy. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1954 May;:335–348. [PubMed]
  • HOLMES CA. Diarrhea with dehydration in infants; a simple treatment. Ariz Med. 1955 May;12(5):195–196. [PubMed]
  • GREENE DC, ALBRECHT RM. Recent developments in diarrhea of the newborn. N Y State J Med. 1955 Oct 1;55(19):2764–2768. [PubMed]
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  • DARROW DC, WELSH JS. Recent experience in the treatment of diarrhea in infants. J Pediatr. 1960 Feb;56:204–210. [PubMed]
  • FISHER RB, PARSONS DS. Glucose movements across the wall of the rat small intestine. J Physiol. 1953 Feb 27;119(2-3):210–223. [PubMed]
  • RIKLIS E, QUASTEL JH. Effects of cations on sugar absorption by isolated surviving guinea pig intestine. Can J Biochem Physiol. 1958 Mar;36(3):347–362. [PubMed]
  • CRANE RK. Hypothesis for mechanism of intestinal active transport of sugars. Fed Proc. 1962 Nov-Dec;21:891–895. [PubMed]
  • CURRAN PF. Na, Cl, and water transport by rat ileum in vitro. J Gen Physiol. 1960 Jul;43:1137–1148. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • PHILLIPS RA. WATER AND ELECTROLYTE LOSSES IN CHOLERA. Fed Proc. 1964 May-Jun;23:705–712. [PubMed]
  • BARNESS LA, YOUNG LN. A SIMPLIFIED VIEW OF FLUID THERAPY. Pediatr Clin North Am. 1964 Feb;11:3–15. [PubMed]
  • Sachar DB, Taylor JO, Saha JR, Phillips RA. Intestinal transmural electric potential and its response to glucose in acute and convalescent cholera. Gastroenterology. 1969 Mar;56(3):512–521. [PubMed]
  • Hirschhorn N, Kinzie JL, Sachar DB, Northrup RS, Taylor JO, Ahmad SZ, Phillips RA. Decrease in net stool output in cholera during intestinal perfusion with glucose-containing solutions. N Engl J Med. 1968 Jul 25;279(4):176–181. [PubMed]
  • Pierce NF, Banwell JG, Rupak DM, Mitra RC, Caranasos GJ, Keimowitz RI, Mondal A, Manji PM. Effect of intragastric glucose-electrolyte infusion upon water and electrolyte balance in Asiatic cholera. Gastroenterology. 1968 Sep;55(3):333–343. [PubMed]
  • Nalin DR, Cash RA, Islam R, Molla M, Phillips RA. Oral maintenance therapy for cholera in adults. Lancet. 1968 Aug 17;2(7564):370–373. [PubMed]
  • Pierce NF, Sack RB, Mitra RC, Banwell JG, Brigham KL, Fedson DS, Mondal A. Replacement of water and electrolyte losses in cholera by an oral glucose-electrolyte solution. Ann Intern Med. 1969 Jun;70(6):1173–1181. [PubMed]
  • Cash RA, Nalin DR, Rochat R, Reller LB, Haque ZA, Rahman AS. A clinical trial of oral therapy in a rural cholera-treatment center. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1970 Jul;19(4):653–656. [PubMed]
  • Nalin DR, Cash RA. Oral or nasogastric maintenance therapy for diarrhoea of unknown aetiology resembling cholera. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1970;64(5):769–771. [PubMed]
  • Cash RA, Forrest JN, Nalin DR, Abrutyn E. Rapid correction of acidosis and dehydration of cholera with oral electrolyte and glucose solution. Lancet. 1970 Sep 12;2(7672):549–550. [PubMed]
  • Nalin DR, Cash RA, Rahman M. Oral (or nasogastric) maintenance therapy for cholera patients in all age-groups. Bull World Health Organ. 1970;43(3):361–363. [PubMed]
  • Mahalanabis D, Choudhuri AB, Bagchi NG, Bhattacharya AK, Simpson TW. Oral fluid therapy of cholera among Bangladesh refugees. Johns Hopkins Med J. 1973 Apr;132(4):197–205. [PubMed]
  • Hirschhorn N, Cash RA, Woodward WE, Spivey GH. Oral fluid therapy of Apache children with acute infectious diarrhoea. Lancet. 1972 Jul 1;2(7766):15–18. [PubMed]
  • Hirschhorn N, McCarthy BJ, Ranney B, Hirschhorn MA, Woodward ST, Lacapa A, Cash RA, Woodward WE. Ad libitum oral glucose-electrolyte therapy for acute diarrhea in Apache children. J Pediatr. 1973 Oct;83(4):562–571. [PubMed]
  • Hirschhorn N. The treatment of acute diarrhea in children. An historical and physiological perspective. Am J Clin Nutr. 1980 Mar;33(3):637–663. [PubMed]
  • WATTEN RH, PHILLIPS RA. Potassium in the treatment of cholera. Lancet. 1960 Nov 5;2(7158):999–1001. [PubMed]
  • CHATTERJEE HN. Control of vomiting in cholera and oral replacement of fluid. Lancet. 1953 Nov 21;265(6795):1063–1063. [PubMed]
  • al-Awqati QS, Mekkiya M, Thamer M. Establishment of a cholera treatment unit under epidemic conditions in a developing country. Lancet. 1969 Feb 1;1(7588):252–253. [PubMed]
  • Bennett RG, Greenough WB., 3rd Approach to acute diarrhea in the elderly. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 1993 Sep;22(3):517–533. [PubMed]

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