PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of jnnpsycJournal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and PsychiatryVisit this articleSubmit a manuscriptReceive email alertsContact usBMJ
 
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1986 July; 49(7): 764–770.
PMCID: PMC1028899

The five year outcome of severe blunt head injury: a relative's view.

Abstract

A close relative of each of 42 severely head injured patients was interviewed at 5 years after injury, following initial study at 3, 6, and 12 months. Persisting severe deficits, in some cases worse than at 1 year, were primarily psychological and behavioural, although minor physical deficits, for example in vision, were also common. Relatives were under great strain; significantly more so than at 1 year. The best predictor of strain in the relative was the magnitude of behavioural and personality change in the patient.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.0M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Brooks DN, McKinlay W. Personality and behavioural change after severe blunt head injury--a relative's view. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1983 Apr;46(4):336–344. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Oddy M, Humphrey M, Uttley D. Stresses upon the relatives of head-injured patients. Br J Psychiatry. 1978 Dec;133:507–513. [PubMed]
  • Rosenbaum M, Najenson T. Changes in life patterns and symptoms of low mood as reported by wives of severly brain-injured soldiers. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1976 Dec;44(6):881–888. [PubMed]
  • Oddy M, Humphrey M. Social recovery during the year following severe head injury. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1980 Sep;43(9):798–802. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Weddell R, Oddy M, Jenkins D. Social adjustment after rehabilitation: a two year follow-up of patients with severe head injury. Psychol Med. 1980 May;10(2):257–263. [PubMed]
  • van Zomeren AH, van den Burg W. Residual complaints of patients two years after severe head injury. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1985 Jan;48(1):21–28. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Lezak MD. Living with the characterologically altered brain injured patient. J Clin Psychiatry. 1978 Jul;39(7):592–598. [PubMed]
  • Lundholm J, Jepsen BN, Thornval G. The late neurological, psychological, and social aspects of severe traumatic coma. Scand J Rehabil Med. 1975;7(3):97–100. [PubMed]
  • Najenson T, Mendelson L, Schechter I, David C, Mintz N, Groswasser Z. Rehabilitation after severe head injury. Scand J Rehabil Med. 1974;6(1):5–14. [PubMed]
  • Gilchrist E, Wilkinson M. Some factors determining prognosis in young people with severe head injuries. Arch Neurol. 1979 Jun;36(6):355–359. [PubMed]
  • Brown JC. Late recovery from head injury: case report and review. Psychol Med. 1975 Aug;5(3):239–248. [PubMed]
  • Lewin W, Marshall TF, Roberts AH. Long-term outcome after severe head injury. Br Med J. 1979 Dec 15;2(6204):1533–1538. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Thomsen IV. Late outcome of very severe blunt head trauma: a 10-15 year second follow-up. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1984 Mar;47(3):260–268. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Livingston MG, Brooks DN, Bond MR. Three months after severe head injury: psychiatric and social impact on relatives. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1985 Sep;48(9):870–875. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Livingston MG, Brooks DN, Bond MR. Patient outcome in the year following severe head injury and relatives' psychiatric and social functioning. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1985 Sep;48(9):876–881. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • GRAD J, SAINSBURY P. Mental illness and the family. Lancet. 1963 Mar 9;1(7280):544–547. [PubMed]
  • McKinlay WW, Brooks DN. Methodological problems in assessing psychosocial recovery following severe head injury. J Clin Neuropsychol. 1984 Feb;6(1):87–99. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry are provided here courtesy of BMJ Publishing Group