PMCCPMCCPMCC

Search tips
Search criteria 

Advanced

 
Logo of westjmedLink to Publisher's site
 
West J Med. 1995 April; 162(4): 328–330.
PMCID: PMC1022770

Pregnant teens in prison. Prevalence, management, and consequences.

Abstract

To estimate the number of pregnant and parenting teens currently incarcerated and to assess the correctional health care and social services provided to this target population, we surveyed 430 juvenile detention and long-term correctional facilities in the United States that incarcerate adolescent girls. Of these, 261 (61%) institutions responded and are included in the analysis. Of these facilities, 68% estimated that they were holding 1 to 5 pregnant adolescents on a given day, with a reported yearly (September 1991 to September 1992) census of 2,000 pregnant teenagers and 1,200 teenaged mothers. Nearly half of the facilities (45%) continue to incarcerate after it is determined that a youth is pregnant. Of those institutions that incarcerate pregnant adolescents, 31% provide no prenatal services and 70% provide no parenting classes. Of these facilities, 60% reported at least 1 obstetric complication in their pregnant population. A substantial number of pregnant and parenting adolescents are in custody in the United States. General community standards of health and social services for pregnant and parenting teenagers are not being met by the institutions that incarcerate them.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (539K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Trussell J. Teenage pregnancy in the United States. Fam Plann Perspect. 1988 Nov-Dec;20(6):262–272. [PubMed]
  • Elster AB, Lamb ME, Tavaré J, Ralston CW. The medical and psychosocial impact of comprehensive care on adolescent pregnancy and parenthood. JAMA. 1987 Sep 4;258(9):1187–1192. [PubMed]
  • Felice ME, Granados JL, Ances IG, Hebel R, Roeder LM, Heald FP. The young pregnant teenager. Impact of comprehensive prenatal care. J Adolesc Health Care. 1981 Mar;1(3):193–197. [PubMed]
  • Smith PB, Wait RB, Mumford DM, Nenney SW, Hollins BT. The medical impact of an antepartum program for pregnant adolescents: a statistical analysis. Am J Public Health. 1978 Feb;68(2):169–172. [PubMed]
  • Hardy JB, King TM, Repke JT. The Johns Hopkins Adolescent Pregnancy Program: an evaluation. Obstet Gynecol. 1987 Mar;69(3 Pt 1):300–306. [PubMed]
  • Makinson C. The health consequences of teenage fertility. Fam Plann Perspect. 1985 May-Jun;17(3):132–139. [PubMed]
  • Olds DL, Henderson CR, Jr, Tatelbaum R, Chamberlin R. Improving the delivery of prenatal care and outcomes of pregnancy: a randomized trial of nurse home visitation. Pediatrics. 1986 Jan;77(1):16–28. [PubMed]
  • Leppert PC, Namerow PB, Barker D. Pregnancy outcomes among adolescent and older women receiving comprehensive prenatal care. J Adolesc Health Care. 1986 Mar;7(2):112–117. [PubMed]
  • Deisher RW, Litchfield C, Hope KR. Birth outcomes of prostituting adolescents. J Adolesc Health. 1991 Nov;12(7):528–533. [PubMed]
  • Furstenberg FF, Jr, Brooks-Gunn J, Morgan SP. Adolescent mothers and their children in later life. Fam Plann Perspect. 1987 Jul-Aug;19(4):142–151. [PubMed]
  • Thompson RJ, Jr, Cappleman MW, Conrad HH, Jordan WB. Early intervention program for adolescent mothers and their infants. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 1982 Mar;3(1):18–21. [PubMed]

Articles from The Western Journal of Medicine are provided here courtesy of BMJ Group