Logo of nihpaAbout Author manuscriptsSubmit a manuscriptHHS Public Access; Author Manuscript; Accepted for publication in peer reviewed journal;
From:
J Am Geriatr Soc. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2008 June 3.
Published in final edited form as:
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2007 May; 55(5): 780–791.
doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2007.01156.x

Table 1

Risk Factors for Pressure Ulcers Based on a Systematic Literature Review*

ReferenceAgeLOSIncontinenceImpaired
mobility
Low
Weight
NutritionDiabetesCognitive
Impairment
Functional
Impairment
Other
13XXPrevious pressure ulcers
14XXXXCardiovascular disease or sepsis
15XXXAnemia
16XXXX
17XXXXFemale
18XXSurgery
19XXXMale, moisture, friction
20XXXWhite, fecal incontinence, admitted from hospital
21XXXXXMale, poor physical condition
22XXXXMedical conditions
23XXXEmergent admission
24XXNonblanchable erythema, dry skin, lymphopenia
25XXXXHypotension, fever
*Literature review from January 1990–December 2005.
Cognitive impairment includes decreased sensory perception.

Shaded area=shared risk factors across geriatric syndromes.